What are Important Parts of a Cover Letter?

What are Important Parts of a Cover Letter?

Writing a cover letter is an important part of applying for any job, just like resumes, this is where applicants need to include relevant and accurate information clearly. It should contain a number of specific parts. If any of them are missing, it may disqualify job seekers from consideration and affect their chances to be hired by the chosen company or employer. What are important parts of a cover letter? Follow general and helpful guidelines to address them all when writing cover letters to let them bring desirable results.

The importance of a cover letter

A cover letter can contribute to your successful job application in many possible ways. It serves as your introduction to a hiring manager. It’s your opportunity to convey your viability as a good candidate and ability to communicate relevant information in a professional and polished manner. Your cover letter should note a specific position and it can highlight relevant qualifications to further explain backgrounds or unusual circumstances. It must demonstrate your professionalism. That’s why you need to ensure that this document meets all expectations.

What it can do for job seekers

This document always does the following:

  • Proving potential employers your understanding of the chosen position;
  • Communicating to hiring managers why your skills and working experiences are relevant to it;
  • Indicating that your backgrounds can add more value to the company;
  • Convincing employers about your sincere interest.

Make sure that it grabs attention quite fast because most recruiters spend only minimal time on the job applications they receive. Why are you a good fit? Your cover letter should offer a better insight into your qualities and skills that make you a perfect candidate among others.

A cover letter is comprised of several parts: what are they?

All job seekers should understand that a cover letter is comprised of several parts, including:

  • Contact details;
  • Salutation;
  • The main body;
  • A strong closing;
  • Signature.

What to include in each one? When writing all of its basic parts, don’t copy facts or statements from your resume to get the job you want.

Contact information

The first section should include your contact data, like your address, full name, phone number, email, etc. Feel free to include online professional profiles. Choose a proper style and go with something simple and official. Keep this part of your cover letter professional, especially when it comes to your email address because it should reflect your professional identity.


Although it’s not necessary to use the landed addresses of potential employers to send your cover letter by email, you need to get a proper name to address it. Avoid generic words, like “Dear sir”. They will only make it seem like you don’t want to make an effort to find out more about a given vacancy. What is the best way to learn contact names? Call the front office of your chosen company or review its official website or use effective solutions if you can’t find any contact person.

The main body

Its main purpose is to let employers or hiring managers learn the following:

  • Position you’re applying for;
  • How you’ll follow up;
  • Why they should choose and invite you for a future interview.

How to write it correctly? This part should consist of a few paragraphs:

  • The first paragraph serves as an attention grabber and your chance to make recruiters want to read more (provide them with focused and specific information about the job you want to get and highlight a few important strengths to prove your suitability for it);
  • The second paragraph explains your offer to employers, and you should use it as a hook where you demonstrate the best examples of your work and its final results (include your key competencies or quantifiable achievements and use bullet points to draw readers’ eyes to your professional successes);
  • The third paragraph is all about your knowledge of a particular company (show that you conducted your in-depth research and prove your clear knowledge about it and understanding of how to contribute to its main mission);
  • The fourth paragraph serves as your closing where you need to sum up everything you can bring to a position and indicates further steps by suggesting a call or requesting a meeting.


You should finish your cover letter with a formal closing, like “Yours truly” or “Sincerely”, to make it work and stand out. It’s a part of professional correspondence. That’s why job seekers shouldn’t use any type of informal closing in the papers they write when applying for open positions.

Your signature

The way you sign your this document depends on whether you send an email or a paper letter. In this case you choose to send a standard letter, it’s necessary to type your full name after a salutation and leave enough space for your handwritten signature. If you send an email, type your contact data and name after a salutation, and you’ll never go wrong with these basic options.

How to write a cover letter?

First, you need to conduct your research. Find out more about the position you’re applying for and the chosen company because you require these details to tailor this paper accordingly. There are certain things that you need to learn before you start writing it:

  • Company competitors;
  • Its targeted market;
  • The focus of the company;
  • Job responsibilities and duties;
  • Important skills.

Why is this information so important? Use the above-mentioned details to make it clear how your professional abilities and skills match up with the requirements of hiring managers or recruiters. Your research will provide you with the knowledge necessary to tailor your cover letter and demonstrate your genuine interest in a specific role.

How to format it properly?

This document should be concise, professional, and to the point. To format it correctly, use a simple font with no embellishments or pictures that will only distract readers’ attention. Ensure that your cover letter has the right length and clear paragraphs.

How to address it

Address it to the person or people dealing with receiving and evaluating job applications. This information is usually indicated in job ads. If not, you can use different methods to find it out. Go to the official websites of companies to track down the names of relevant recipients or call and ask them directly. This basic step will let you address your cover letter accurately and demonstrate your genuine interest or initiative in a given position.


What should you do before sending your cover letter?

  • Include your professional title, name, and contact data;
  • Highlight key achievements and skills;
  • Write all the above-mentioned parts;
  • Use a good balance of the white space;
  • A consistent look between your cover letter and resume;
  • No punctuation, spelling, or grammatical mistakes;
  • The length of about half a page (excluding contact details);
  • Demonstrate why you’re the best match for an open position;
  • Uniqueness because you should tailor it to one job offer.

Don’t do the following:

  • Include clichés or be vague;
  • Reuse the same cover letter for different job applications instead of personalizing it;
  • Use your unprofessional email;
  • Simply repeat the information you state in your resume because your cover letter should indicate how your previous achievements and professional skills meet the requirements of job ads;
  • Include all kinds of images, graphics, or tables;
  • Go over a single page because recruiters and potential employers prefer concise and clear papers.

The closing note

Now you understand how to write a cover letter. All of its parts should reveal important information about you and tell hiring managers why you’re a perfect fit for their job openings. Give each part enough time and attention.

The process of writing this personalized document is one of the most challenging and difficult parts of job searching. Can you make it easier? The good news is that you don’t have to complete this process yourself because there are many professional companies that can help you.

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